Our Treatments

At Pain and Spine Specialists of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia we are Doctors and Physiatrists who believe in a balanced and multi-disciplinary approach to diagnose and treat the pain our patients are dealing with.

We are Doctors and Physiatrists who believe in a balanced and multi-disciplinary approach to diagnose and treat the pain our patients are dealing with.

Home » Treatments » Treatment Details

We specialize in

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

We treat a wide variety of medical conditions affecting the brain, spinal cord, nerves, bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Continue reading below for a list of treatments we offer. If you have questions about these or other possible treatments, please contact us and we’d be happy to answer your questions or set up a consultation.

Download our

Digital Guide

Everything you need to know about our services, locations, treatments, frequently asked questions and much more! 

Why Choose Us

we provide

Exceptional Service

Individualized treatment plans and patient care.

we treat you

Not Just Your Symptoms

Comprehensive Care

Comprehensive pain management that identifies the source of your pain and provides access to progressive treatments

access t0

Medical Specialists

Board Certified & Fellowship trained providers.

Spinal Cord Stimulation

Spinal Cord Stimulation is an excellent modality to treat chronic neuropathic (nerve-related) pain which has not responded to alternative treatment options which include medications, physical therapy, chiropractic therapy, injection therapy, and/ or surgery.

The spinal cord stimulator blocks pain transmission to the brain and replaces it with a parasthesia (tingling sensation). The stimulator is initially placed on a trial basis for 5 days and if the patient responds well during the trial then the permanent device will be implanted.

Ultrasound Guided Injections

Pain and Spine Specialists of Maryland is proud to offer ultrasound guided injections for joint injections, evaluations, and nerve blocks.

The utilization of ultrasound provides excellent soft tissue enhancement and visualization without any x-ray exposure.

Radio Frequency Ablation

Radio Frequency Ablation is a procedure used to reduce pain. An electrical current produced by a radio wave is used to heat up a small area of nerve tissue, thereby decreasing pain signals from that specific area.

Trigger Point Injections

Trigger point injection (TPI) may be an option in treating pain for some patients. TPI is a procedure used to treat painful areas of muscle that contain trigger points, or knots of muscle that form when muscles do not relax. Many times, such knots can be felt under the skin. Trigger points may irritate the nerves around them and cause referred pain, or pain that is felt in another part of the body.

Epidural Steroid Injections

An epidural steroid injection is a common procedure to treat spinal nerve irritation that is caused by tissues next to the nerve pressing against it. An epidural steroid injection involves bathing an inflamed nerve root in steroids (potent anti-inflammation medicine) in order to decrease the irritation of the nerve root that is causing pain.

Click for More Information

During an epidural steroid injection, a needle and syringe are used to enter the epidural space (area outside of the protective membrane that houses cerebrospinal fluid? my words) and deposit small amounts of the medicine around the inflamed spinal nerve. A fluoroscope (a viewing instrument using X-rays) is used to visualize the local anatomy during the injection. The epidural steroid injection specifically targets the inflamed area and treats it with a maximal amount of steroids, thereby minimizing exposure of the rest of the body to the steroids.

Discography

A discogram is used to determine if a particular disc is the source of pain. Discograms are provocative tests, meaning that they attempt to reproduce rather than remove pain. The reproduction of pain during a discogram can help determine if injury to a particular disc is the source of a person's pain.

Click for More Information

During the procedure, a needle is inserted into the disc and a contrast dye is injected. This extra fluid in the disc increases the pressure in the disc. Patients with an injured disc may then experience pain that can mimic the pain they have been experiencing. The intensity of the pain is recorded on a 0-10 scale. Based upon this information, the diagnosis of a particular disc injury can be made. It can then be determined what the optimal treatment options are for relief of the underlying pain.

Occipital Nerve Blocks

Often a group of nerves, called a plexus or ganglion, that causes pain to a specific organ or body region can be blocked with the injection of medication into a specific area of the body. Various areas of pain require different nerve block types.

Examples Include

  • Trigeminal nerve blocks (face)
  • Ophthalmic nerve block (eyelids and scalp)
  • Supraorbital nerve block (forehead)
  • Maxillary nerve block (upper jaw)
  • Sphenopalatine nerve block (nose and palate)
  • Cervical epidural, thoracic epidural, and lumbar epidural block (neck and back)
  • Cervical plexus block and cervical paravertebral block (shoulder and upper neck)
  • Brachial plexus block, elbow block, and wrist block (shoulder/arm/hand, elbow, and wrist)
  • Subarachnoid block and celiac plexus block (abdomen and pelvis)

Alternative Therapies

We take a whole body approach and practice medicine that deeply values the importance of the relationship between the doctor and patient. Our integrative medicine approach is supported by years of research, allowing for the use of numerous forms of therapy aimed at treating the body as a whole to help you reach optimal health and healing.

Learn more about our Integrative Approach at Shakthi Health & Wellness 

I Love the way they all listen to you no matter what it's about. I Love how they make sure your feeling fine & how they find other ways to help you. They are a wonderful team & I am so glad I found them.

Rubin Bungard

Dr Rao is MY Absolute Favorite Doctor! Love him! His staff at Mt Airy and in Frederick, Maryland are the best of the best. Caring, kind and very friendly. I would recommend anyone to seek out Dr Rao and his staff in a heartbeat.

Randee Fischer

I LOVE this place. Dr B. and Dr Rao saved my life. In 2014, I could only walk about 15ft and had to use a wheelchair. It happened so quickly to me. I had extreme pain in my back, and legs. My other pain management wouldn't help at all.

Kathleen Tibbs

Get In Touch

At Pain and Spine Specialists we are dedicated to providing the highest quality of patient care and services and truly have each individual’s comfort in mind.

Our mission is to make each patient who walks through our doors feel as comfortable as possible. Extensive research has been conducted and analyzed regarding what patients find unappealing about a doctor’s office visit.

Call Us


Pennsylvania

Get In Touch

Contact Form

Select An Option Below:

Contact Us

Please note: we are accepting Workers Compensation Insurance to treat injured workers.

Please note: we are accepting Workers Compensation Insurance to treat injured workers.


Find a Location Near You

Find A Location


Patient Forms

New Patient Forms