Knee Pain Specialists

Maryland | Pennsylvania | Florida | Virginia


Knee pain is a widespread issue that affects individuals of all ages and activity levels. It typically involves discomfort, stiffness, or swelling in the knee joint or surrounding tissues. Numerous factors can contribute to knee pain, such as injuries, overuse, poor biomechanics, and underlying medical conditions like arthritis, meniscus tears, or tendonitis. Properly identifying the cause of knee pain is essential for determining the most suitable treatment options and preventing further complications.

To learn more about knee pain, the treatments we offer, and our diagnostic process, use the navigation buttons below.

If you're ready to schedule a new patient consultation, our board-certified knee Pain specialists our here to help. We have treatment locations in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Florida, and Virginia. During your consultation our providers will work closely with you to develop a personalized treatment plan designed to address your specific needs and alleviate your discomfort. Take the first step towards regaining your mobility and freedom by contacting us today.

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Digital Guide

Explore our comprehensive digital guide on knee pain, offering insights into causes, symptoms, and effective treatments. You will also get answers to frequently asked questions and locations empowering you to better understand and manage your knee pain.

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Understanding Knee Pain

Understanding knee pain is crucial for managing this common condition effectively.

You may experience knee pain as discomfort around your knee joint, often caused by injury, strain, or conditions like arthritis. This discomfort can vary in intensity and affect your daily activities and mobility.

Knee pain can touch the lives of athletes, older adults, and individuals with diverse activity levels. Whether you're an active individual or facing age-related joint challenges, knee pain has the potential to disrupt your routine and limit your movements. This condition is a global concern, driving millions to seek medical attention. It affects individuals of all ages and backgrounds, underlining its widespread impact on people's lives.


What Causes Knee Pain?

Unfortunately, there are many potential causes of knee pain. Perhaps most commonly, injury or overuse can result in knee pain. Trauma to the knee, such as ligament tears or fractures, can lead to persistent pain. Repetitive movements or strain from activities like running can also contribute to knee pain.

Additional causes of knee pain are:

  • Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that occurs when the cartilage in your knee wears down over time. This condition leads to pain and stiffness, especially after periods of inactivity. Osteoarthritis is a common cause of knee pain, particularly in older adults.

  • Radiculopathy: Nerve compression in the lumbar spine can cause pain that radiates down the leg to the knee, known as radiculopathy. Radiculopathy can result in sharp, shooting pain and numbness in the knee area, often accompanied by weakness or tingling sensations.

  • Osteoporosis: Weakening of the bones due to loss of bone density, as seen in osteoporosis, can make the knee more susceptible to fractures and injuries. Individuals with osteoporosis may experience knee pain as a result of bone fragility and increased risk of fractures.

  • Tendonitis: Inflammation of the tendons in and around the knee joint can cause pain, especially during movement. Tendonitis is often a result of repetitive stress or overuse.

  • Bursitis: Small fluid-filled sacs known as bursae cushion the knee joint and reduce friction between tissues. However, when these bursae become inflamed, they can lead to knee pain and swelling.

  • Meniscus Tears: The menisci are two pieces of cartilage that act as shock absorbers in the knee joint. A tear in either of these structures can cause severe pain and difficulties with movement.

Other Risk Factors

Factors like age, obesity, athletic activities, and genetics can also heighten your vulnerability to knee pain. As you age, wear and tear on your knee joints may lead to conditions like arthritis, increasing discomfort. Excess weight puts added strain on your knees, exacerbating pain. Engaging in high-impact sports or inadequate training can also raise the risk of knee injuries. Additionally, a family history of arthritis or joint issues due to genetics may predispose you to knee pain. Understanding these factors can help you to take proactive steps in managing and preventing knee discomfort effectively.

A collage of knee pain regions, bones, and nerves.

Common Symptoms of Knee Pain

Pain is not the only symptom of knee pain. Swelling is a significant indicator of knee issues, highlighting inflammation and potential underlying problems in the joint. If you notice swelling around your knee, it's crucial to address it promptly to prevent further discomfort and inconvenience.

Stiffness in your knee, particularly after periods of rest, can impede your movement and suggest underlying joint issues that require attention. Acknowledging this stiffness and seeking professional guidance can help alleviate discomfort and improve overall mobility.

Experiencing instability or a feeling of buckling in your knee while standing or walking may point to potential ligament damage or weakness. This sensation can impact your balance and daily activities.

Pain, from dull aches to sharp, shooting sensations, is a primary symptom of knee problems that can worsen with movement or weight-bearing. Recognizing and addressing the types of knee pain early on is essential for managing knee conditions effectively and enhancing your well-being and comfort.

By recognizing these symptoms and seeking timely intervention, you can better address the root cause of your knee discomfort and work towards improved mobility and overall well-being.


Daily Life with Knee Pain

Knee pain often presents daily challenges that can significantly impact your quality of life. Simple tasks like walking, climbing stairs, or even standing for extended periods may become arduous, affecting your mobility and overall well-being. The persistent discomfort and limitations imposed by knee pain can take a toll on your physical and emotional health, making it essential to address these challenges proactively.

In coping with chronic knee pain, lifestyle adjustments and coping mechanisms are crucial in managing symptoms and improving your daily comfort. From incorporating gentle exercises to strengthen the surrounding muscles to adopting ergonomic practices in your daily activities, there are various ways to alleviate the impact of knee pain on your life. At Pain and Spine Specialists, our team is dedicated to guiding you through personalized strategies and treatments to help you regain control and find relief from the constraints imposed by chronic knee pain.

Certain activities can aggravate knee pain and should be approached with caution or avoided altogether to prevent further discomfort, such as:

  • High-Impact Sports: Activities like running or basketball can strain your knees, increasing the risk of injury and exacerbating pain.
  • Prolonged Standing: Standing for long periods can put excessive pressure on your knees. Try to alternate between sitting and standing to give your joints a break.
  • Sudden Movements: Abrupt movements or twisting motions can stress the knee joint, leading to pain and potential injury. Be mindful of your movements to protect your knees from unnecessary strain.

By making these lifestyle adjustments and being cautious of activities that can worsen knee pain, you can take proactive steps toward managing your discomfort and improving your range of motion.

A man holding his knee with an overlay of the knee bones in orange highlights.

How We Approach Diagnosing Your Knee Pain

At Pain and Spine Specialists, your journey to pain relief begins with a thorough diagnostic process designed to uncover the root cause of your knee discomfort. We understand the importance of accurate diagnosis in formulating a personalized treatment plan tailored to your needs.

Exploring Your Medical Background

Our healthcare team initiates by delving into your medical past, encompassing previous injuries, surgeries, and any existing conditions that might influence your knee discomfort. This thorough examination allows us to gather valuable insights into your health history and comprehend the elements impacting your knee well-being.

Conducting a Physical Assessment

Additionally, a targeted physical evaluation is conducted to gauge the flexibility, stability, and robustness of your knee joint. Through meticulous scrutiny of the affected area, we aim to spot any visible indications of inflammation, swelling, or tenderness that can assist in identifying the origin of your pain.

Utilizing Advanced Imaging

In specific scenarios, diagnostic imaging methods such as X-rays, MRI scans, or CT scans may be advised to offer intricate visuals of the internal structures within your knee joint. These imaging procedures aid in visualizing any irregularities, like fractures, ligament tears, or degenerative alterations, that could be contributing to your symptoms.

Assessing Nerve Function

Should nerve-related concerns arise, specialized nerve evaluations may be performed to assess the performance and soundness of the nerves surrounding your knee. These assessments aid in evaluating nerve conduction and recognizing any potential nerve compression or damage leading to discomfort.

Employing Diagnostic Nerve Injections

In particular instances, diagnostic nerve injections might be employed to validate the cause of your stiff knee pain and deliver precise relief. Techniques such as facet joint injections, epidural steroid injections, SI injections, or other types of steroid injections for knee pain can pinpoint specific pain sources and steer treatment decisions for optimal pain control.

At Pain and Spine Specialists, we leave no stone unturned in our diagnostic processes to ensure accurate identification of your knee pain source. Our approach is tailored to each individual, allowing us to develop customized treatment plans for the best possible outcomes.


How We Treat Knee Pain

After a comprehensive evaluation, our doctors at Pain and Spine Specialists design an individualized treatment plans based on your specific needs and goals. Our primary goal is to alleviate pain and get you moving again by providing many options for treatment.

Some of the many knee pain treatment approaches at Pain and Spine Specialists include:

  • Genicular Nerve Blocks: Genicular nerve blocks target specific nerves around the knee to alleviate pain and inflammation. This precise procedure can offer targeted relief for individuals suffering from chronic knee pain, allowing for improved mobility and comfort.
  • Hyaluronic Acid Injections: Hyaluronic acid injections for knee pain supplement the natural lubricant in the knee joint, reducing friction and providing cushioning for enhanced joint function. This treatment option particularly benefits individuals with osteoarthritis, promoting joint flexibility and decreasing discomfort.
  • Sacroiliac Joint Injections: Sacroiliac joint injections aim to reduce inflammation and pain in the sacroiliac joint, which connects the lower spine and pelvis. By targeting this specific area, these injections can provide effective relief for individuals experiencing sacroiliac joint dysfunction or related issues.
  • Trigger Point Injections: Trigger point injections target specific areas of muscle knots or trigger points that may contribute to knee pain. By addressing these localized areas of tension with these shots for knee pain, this treatment can help alleviate muscle soreness and improve overall joint function.
  • Epidural Steroid Injections: Epidural steroid injections deliver anti-inflammatory medication directly to the affected area around the spinal cord. This approach can significantly reduce pain and swelling associated with nerve compression or spinal conditions, offering lasting relief for individuals with related symptoms.
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma Injections: Platelet-rich plasma injections involve using the patient's own blood components to promote healing and tissue regeneration in the knee joint. This innovative treatment supports natural recovery processes, potentially accelerating healing and reducing pain.
  • Medication Management: Medication management involves the careful prescription and monitoring of pain-relieving medications to address knee pain effectively. This approach ensures that individuals receive appropriate dosages and types of medications tailored to their specific needs, aiding in pain control and management.
  • Peripheral Nerve Stimulation: Peripheral nerve stimulation utilizes electrical impulses to modulate the transmission of pain signals along peripheral nerves. By interrupting these signals, this treatment can provide significant pain relief for individuals with chronic knee pain, enhancing their range of motion.
  • Radiofrequency Ablation: Radiofrequency ablation delivers heat energy to targeted nerves responsible for transmitting pain signals. This minimally invasive procedure can provide long-lasting relief by disrupting nerve function and effectively alleviating knee pain symptoms.
  • Spinal Cord Stimulation: Spinal cord stimulation involves implanting a device that delivers electrical pulses to the spinal cord, modulating pain signals before they reach the brain. This advanced treatment option can offer substantial pain relief for individuals with severe knee pain, improving their overall comfort and function.
  • Intrathecal Pain Pumps: Intrathecal pain pumps deliver medication directly to the spinal cord's fluid-filled space, providing potent pain relief for individuals with chronic knee pain. This method offers targeted pain management with reduced side effects compared to systemic medications, enhancing the patient's comfort and mobility.

By using these therapy for knee pain options, our team at Pain and Spine Specialists strives to help individuals address knee pain effectively and achieve their desired outcomes.

A pain management doctor injecting a patient with a leg injection.
A doctor reviewing Xray images of the hip region.

Contact Pain and Spine Specialists for Knee Pain Relief

At Pain and Spine Specialists, we are committed to providing compassionate, personalized care for individuals suffering from knee pain. Our team is dedicated to utilizing the latest techniques and approaches to help you manage your pain effectively and get back to living your life fully.

Don't let knee pain limit you any longer. Schedule a consultation online with Pain and Spine Specialists today or call one of our many offices and take the first step towards finding relief from your knee discomfort.

Our Board-Certified Specialists

When you choose Pain and Spine Specialists, you are not just selecting a team of experts; you are entrusting your well-being to professionals who understand the complexities of pain management. Our board-certified specialists combine their advanced training and years of practice to offer a comprehensive approach tailored to your unique needs.

From accurate diagnosis to personalized treatment plans, our specialist in knee pain is here to support you at every step and provide you with the care and understanding you deserve. Trust in our specialists to deliver effective solutions and compassionate care, helping you reclaim your life from chronic pain.

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